Japanese Beetles

Japanese beetles are not native to Washington state. Outside of their natural ecosystem in Asia, Japanese beetle populations increase quickly if they are not controlled. Outbreaks of Japanese beetles are a problem because adult Japanese beetles eat the leaves of hundreds of different types of plants, while the larvae eat grass roots. Japanese beetles do not bite or spread disease to humans.

Japanese beetle eating a leaf.
Photo credit: "Japanese Beetle" by Benimoto is licensed under CC BY 2.0.

The Washington State Department of Agriculture (WSDA) is planning a multi-year program to find and remove Japanese beetles. This will keep the Japanese beetle population from growing and becoming a long-term problem in Washington.

WSDA proposes to treat the entire area of Grandview, WA and the western side of Apricot, WA in the spring of 2022 to address an outbreak of Japanese beetles. The proposal involves applying a granular pesticide, Acelepryn G, to soil. The liquid form of this pesticide, called Acelepryn, will also be applied as a spray. WSDA will ask residents for permission before treating their property. Both Acelepryn G and Acelepryn are approved for use in residential and commercial areas.

WSDA is also considering expanding the state Japanese beetle quarantine to include parts of Yakima and Benton counties, including Grandview, to prevent the spread of the beetle and protect agriculture. Learn more about the 2021 quarantine proposal.

How to Stop the Spread of Japanese Beetles

Washington State uses an integrated pest management approach to reduce the spread of Japanese beetles. This includes:

What are Acelepryn G and Acelepryn?

Acelepryn G is a dry granule pesticide that is spread on the ground and watered in. When exposed to water, Acelepryn G absorbs into the soil. Acelepryn is the liquid form of Acelepryn G and is sprayed on the leaves, bark, and soil of plants. Acelepryn will be applied again a few weeks after the first application to control the adult beetles that emerge.

These products kill both the larva and adult Japanese beetles when they eat or come into contact with it. Acelepryn G and Acelepryn are also used to control other insects like grubs, caterpillars, and weevils. These pesticides are not a risk to mammals, birds, or fish.

Japanese beetles eating a flower.
Photo credit: Karla Salp, WSDA (2021)

EPA approved applications of Acelepryn G and Acelepryn in areas including turfgrass on athletic fields, parks, playgrounds, and lawns, and on flower beds and bushes planted around homes, schools, and businesses.

What ingredients are in Acelepryn G and Acelepryn?

Acelepryn G and Acelepryn are commercial pesticides with the active ingredient chlorantraniliprole. Acelepryn G contains limestone clay and an ingredient that binds the active ingredient to the clay. Acelepryn contains very small amounts of two preservatives (1,2-benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one; and bronopol). Although some people are sensitive to preservatives, allergic reactions have not been reported in people exposed to Acelepryn.

EPA reviewed Acelepryn G and Acelepryn and placed these pesticides in the reduced-risk category. That means they pose less of a risk to human health and the environment than other pesticides used for the same purpose.

What are the health concerns of Acelepryn G and Acelepryn?

When used as directed, Acelepryn G and Acelepryn aren't dangerous for people. Washington State Department of Health toxicologists have reviewed the active ingredient in these pesticides and concluded that they pose a very low concern for health. The active ingredient has not been found to cause allergic reactions. The active ingredient is approved for use on produce such as leafy vegetables, grapes, cucurbits (gourd vegetables), potatoes, rice, pome fruit (apples and pears), and stone fruit (peaches and plums). Additionally, EPA concluded that Acelepryn G and Acelepryn are not dangerous to domestic animals, including dogs.

No symptoms or illness have been reported following applications of Acelepryn G or Acelepryn in Washington or Oregon.

EPA did not review potential health risks associated with Acelepryn G or Acelepryn use in home vegetable gardens or home orchards because these pesticides are not intended for these settings. However, because EPA approved the active ingredient for use in a wide range of commercial food crops, we don't expect a health risk to occur in these scenarios. Take steps to prevent run-off to home or school vegetable gardens when watering Acelepryn G into nearby soil. Learn more about how to prevent runoff when using pesticides.

The active ingredient in Acelepryn G and Acelepryn is harmful to aquatic invertebrates such as crayfish and water fleas. Do not apply these pesticides near bodies of water to prevent runoff into those areas.

Public Health Recommendations

Acelepryn G and Acelepryn have an excellent safety record when used as directed. If you're still concerned, you can limit direct contact with the product by following these tips:

Talk to your health care provider if you have health concerns related to Acelepryn G or Acelepryn.

More Information

Japanese Beetle, WSDA - Learn more about identification, homeowner treatment options, how to report a sighting, and how to stay informed.

 

Content Source: Pesticide Program