Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) is spread by coughing and sneezing. Many people have Hib bacteria without becoming ill. However, it can cause serious illness, especially in kids under five. Hib disease can cause infections of the joints, skin, and blood, meningitis (swelling of the covering of the brain and spinal cord), brain damage, and even death. Before the vaccine was available, Hib disease was the most common cause of meningitis in kids under five.
Symptoms of illness include:
- High fever.
- Severe headache.
- Stiff neck.
- Quiet or withdrawn behavior.
- Sensitivity to light.
- Ear infections.
- Haemophilus influenzae type b
- Hib disease
Age Groups at Risk
Most people over age five don't need Hib vaccine. However, you should discuss getting the vaccine with your health care provider if you have:
- Sickle cell anemia.
- A weakened immune system because of HIV/AIDS or other diseases that affect the immune system.
- Drug treatment, such as long-term steroids.
- Cancer treatment with X-rays or drugs.
- A bone marrow or organ transplant.
- No spleen or a damaged spleen.
- Hib In-Short (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Hib Vaccine is recommended for:
- All children younger than 5 years old
- Children over 5 years and adults with certain medical conditions
Vaccine Information Statements
- Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- Multiple Vaccines (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)