HAI Resources and Tools

The HAI Resources and Tools hub provides essential information on preventing and managing Healthcare-Associated Infections (HAIs). Rooted in Core Infection Prevention Practice, the following guidelines and tools ensure a safe environment for patients and healthcare professionals alike.


Core Infection Prevention Practices

Environmental Cleanings | Hand Hygiene | Injection Safety | Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) | Respiratory Principals | Transmission Based Precautions | Ventilation | Testing | Resources |

Tools by Setting

Adult Family Homes | Ambulatory/Outpatient | Dental | Dialysis | Hospitals | Skilled Nursing Facilities |

Helpful Links

COVID-19 Infection Prevention in Health Care Settings

Core Infection Prevention Practices

The implementation of infection prevention practices is crucial to ensure the safety and well-being of both patients and healthcare providers. Core Infection Prevention Practices serve as the cornerstone in this endeavor, establishing a foundation for maintaining a sterile and secure healthcare environment.

Environmental Cleaning

Regular and thorough cleaning of healthcare environments is crucial in eliminating potential sources of infection. Disinfection protocols for surfaces, equipment, and shared spaces contribute significantly to reducing the risk of healthcare-associated infections.

Hand Hygiene

Proper hand hygiene remains the simplest yet most effective measure in preventing the spread of infections. Healthcare professionals are encouraged to follow rigorous handwashing protocols, using soap and water or alcohol-based hand sanitizers, to minimize the risk of transmitting pathogens.

Injection Safety

Ensuring the safe administration of injections is vital in preventing the transmission of bloodborne pathogens. Healthcare providers should use aseptic techniques, dispose of needles properly, and avoid the reuse of needles and syringes.

Personal Protection Equipment (PPE)

The appropriate use of PPE, such as gloves, masks, gowns, and eye protection, is fundamental in safeguarding against the transmission of infectious agents. Adhering to guidelines on PPE selection and usage ensures that healthcare personnel can provide care while minimizing exposure.

Respiratory Principals

Understanding how infections can spread through the air is crucial. Following respiratory principles, like wearing masks and practicing good cough etiquette, helps prevent respiratory infections from spreading. Encouraging patients and healthcare workers to practice good respiratory hygiene helps prevent the spread of respiratory infections. This includes covering the mouth and nose with tissues or elbows when coughing or sneezing and proper disposal of tissues.


Testing for HAIs involves checking for infections that patients may have picked up during their time in a hospital or other healthcare setting. There are a variety of tests for healthcare associated infections.

Transmission Based Precautions

Transmission-Based precautions are the second tier of basic infection control. They are used in addition to Standard Precautions for patients who may be infected or colonized with certain infectious agents. These extra precautions are important and needed to prevent the spread of infections.


Good ventilation is key to reducing the concentration of airborne germs. Ensuring that healthcare spaces have proper airflow helps maintain a healthy environment.


Additional resources for infection prevention applicable across all settings, but outside the realm of core practices.

Tools by Setting

Tailored for the diverse needs of healthcare settings, this section provides essential resources for specific healthcare settings. Each link offers specialized guidance crafted to address the unique challenges faced in these settings. These curated tools aim to empower professionals with precise, practical support, fostering a culture of infection prevention that aligns seamlessly with the specific demands of each healthcare environment.

Explore the resources within this section to access targeted information, enhancing your ability to create and maintain safe, sterile, and healthy environments. From practical guidelines to industry-specific insights, these tools are designed to contribute to the well-being of both healthcare providers and the communities they serve.

Adult Family Homes





Skilled Nursing Facilities

Contact Us

For more information, please contact HAI@doh.wa.gov.