Student and staff exposure to pesticides applied at schools has been well documented. Anyone may experience illness after exposure to pesticides. However, children are uniquely susceptible because of their behavior, physiological development, and body size. The best way for schools to prevent exposure and illness is to use an integrated pest management approach when controlling pests and to understand the state's laws for pesticide use.
Integrated Pest Management
Integrated Pest Management (IPM) is the most effective way to manage pests both in the classrooms and on the playgrounds. When followed carefully, IPM can result in the least toxic pest control with the least possible effect to children. Schools share pest problems common to homes, but children and food on a grand scale set schools apart and represent unique challenges to pest control. Learn more by visiting WSU School IPM. This is a comprehensive website developed by the Urban Pesticide Education Strategy Team, of which Department of Health is a member. It provides IPM strategies, tools, and training resources tailored for schools.
It's recommended that schools adopt IPM policies and develop plans for implementation. For information about successful Washington school programs, see WSU School IPM-Adopting Models for School IPM.
State Laws on Pest and Pesticides
The premises and all buildings shall be free of insects and rodents of public health significance and conditions which attract, provide harborage and promote propagation of vermin.
All poisonous compounds shall be easily identified, used with extreme caution and stored in such a manner as to prevent unauthorized use or possible contamination of food and drink.
Schools and daycares in Washington are required to have a written pest control policy, notify interested parents before pesticides are used indoors or outdoors, post the notification in a prominent place in the school's main office, and post all areas treated with a pesticide. This law is intended to help reduce or eliminate the possibility of student or staff exposure to pesticides.
Resources to help comply with the law include:
Agricultural Pesticide Drift
Illnesses at schools from exposure to pesticide drift (drifting spray and dust from pesticide applications) from neighboring farmlands have also occurred. There are more than 100 public schools in Washington located within 200 feet of agricultural operations and more than 200 within one-quarter mile. The proximity of schools and agricultural operations presents a risk of unintended exposure of students and staff to pesticides through drift.
To prevent illness, follow WSU School IPM-Guidelines for Schools Next to Agricultural Operations on how to communicate with agriculturalists about practices to reduce the risk of pesticide drift and on what emergency procedures to take if a drift occurs.
What to do if a Pesticide Drift Occurs
- If pesticides are suspected to have drifted onto the school site, immediately close the buildings.
- Stop the pesticide application and identify the chemicals involved.
- Address health concerns.
If a student or staff experiences symptoms possibly related to pesticide exposure, seek health care. Give the healthcare provider all information you gathered about the pesticides involved. Additional contacts for health and safety information include:
- Report immediately to the Washington State Department of Agriculture: 1-877-301-4555. The agency enforces regulations related to pesticides and can assist in identifying the pesticides applied and the agriculturalist.
- Notify parents and other users of the school site about the drift incident. The Washington State Department of Health, Pesticide Program: 360-236-3528 can help answer concerns parents may have about their child's health.
- Consult and prepare for post event clean up, depending on the pesticides involved.
Post Drift Event Clean-up and Safety Procedures
The actual response will depend on the pesticides involved. For example, the actions taken on an oil-base insecticide may differ significantly from those taken when a powder or granulated substance mixed with water is used. It's important to identify the pesticides for the proper response. General recommended clean-up procedures:
Content Source: Pesticide Program