West Nile Virus Resources and Tools

Guidance and Recommendations

Guidance for Surveillance, Prevention, and Control of Mosquito-borne Disease, 2008 (PDF)
Guidance developed by the Washington State Department of Heath lays out a phased response to mosquito-borne diseases, such as West Nile virus. It covers surveillance, prevention, and mosquito-control activities.

West Nile Virus in the United States: Guidelines for Surveillance, Prevention, and Control, 2013, CDC (PDF)
CDC's first update of their guidelines since 2003. It provides guidance for communities and public health agencies developing new programs or enhancing existing West Nile virus management programs.

Before the Swarm: Guidelines for the Emergency Management of Mosquito-borne Disease Outbreaks, August 2008, ASTHO
Building on the solid foundation established by the "Public Health Confronts the Mosquito: Developing Sustainable State and Local Mosquito Programs," this document provides guidance to help state and local agencies, non-governmental organizations, and private industry groups prepare for the emergency management of mosquito-borne disease outbreaks.

Recommendations to Protect Outdoor Workers from West Nile Virus Exposure, NIOSH
Outdoor workers, including farm workers, foresters, grounds keepers, construction workers and others are at risk of West Nile virus. This document contains answers to questions relevant to outdoor workers regarding West NIle virus, as well as recommendations for preventing exposure.

Mosquito Control

Best Practices for Integrated Mosquito Management Manual: A Focused Update, 2017, AMCA (PDF)
A comprehensive guide on mosquito prevention and control strategies utilizing integrated pest management intended for Mosquito Control Districts and other institutions responsible for mosquito control. The manual provides a focused update to the previous Best Practices for Integrated Mosquito Management Manual.

Mosquito Control Capabilities in the U.S., 2017 NACHHO (PDF)
Learn what it takes to build comprehensive state amd local vector control programs that can respond to the full variety of pathogens and the vectors that transmit them. .

Distribution of Mosquito Species in Washington State, Washington State Department of Health (PDF)
Mosquito species checklist that highlights new findings in Washington for years 2001 to 2019 as a results of West Nile virus surveillance efforts.

Aquatic Mosquito Control, Washington State Department of Ecology
Learn about the permit process for aquatic mosquito control.

Best Management Practices for Mosquito Control, May 2004, Washington State Department of Ecology
Approved best management practices for mosquito control that include a hierarchy of preferred integrated pest management options which satisfy the Washington State Department of Ecology's NPDES Permit requirement.

Resources for Vector Control Professionals, CDC
CDC provides resources regarding West Nile virus mosquito surveillance and control for vector control professionals.

Pesticide Products Registered for Control of Mosquito Larvae in Washington, Washington State Department of Agriculture
Registered pesticide products approved by WSDA for mosquito control use in Washington.

Larvicide: Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti)
Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis (Bti) is a larvicide used for aquatic mosquito control. The information provides answers to common questions about the effect of this larvicide on health and environment.

Mosquito Control, EPA
EPA information about pesticides used to control mosquitoes and the roles of federal, state and local government agencies.

Outdoor Residential Misting (Including Mosquito Misting Systems), EPA
Fact sheet on timed-release outdoor residential misting systems to control mosquitoes and other insects around the home.

Forming Local Mosquito Control Districts

Public Health Confronts the Mosquito: Developing Sustainable State and Local Mosquito Control Programs, February 2005, ASTHO
Final report and recommendations of the ASTHO Mosquito Control Collaborative. The document's purpose is to serve as a catalyst for discussion and as a working document for public health practitioners and policymakers.

Formation of Mosquito Control Districts, Municipal Research and Services Center of Washington
Municipal Research and Services Center of Washington provides information about the role mosquito control districts play in public health, and how to be actively involved in the formation of a mosquito-control district in your area.

Insect Repellent

Insect Repellent Use and Safety, CDC
CDC's recommendations on use of EPA-registered repellents for skin and clothing. Products that contain active ingredients: DEET, picaridin, and IR3535, and some oil of lemon eucalyptus and para-menthane-diol products provide longer-lasting protection from mosquito bites.

Repellent Finder, EPA
New search tool to help you choose skin-applied repellent products that will give you the protection you need. You can specify the insect, protection time, active ingredient, and other product-specific information.

Education and Media Materials

West Nile Virus Education and Media Materials
Health educational materials and public service annoucements developed by Washington State Department of Health promoting West Nile virus prevention.

Communicating about Effective Mosquito Control - Tailor Made for Our Community-First Edition, January 2009, ASTHO
A toolkit that provides model fact sheets, communication strategies, and useful templates for collaborating with policymakers and members of the public to develop and support scalable mosquito-control programs that fit the needs of your community.

Effectively Communicating about Mosquito Control: A Guide for Mosquito Control Partners-Second Edition, October 2018, ASTHO

A guide to help for states and communities explore and expand their mosquito control capacity. Based on research and expert communications guidance, this guide is intended to further on-the-ground mosquito control efforts and provide tools that mosquito control partners can use to educate others about the need for adequate mosquito protection.

Surveillance Tools

Interim Guidance for States Conducting Avian Mortality Surveillance for West Nile Virus and/or Highly Pathogenic H5N1 Avian Influenza Virus, CDC - Appendix 3 (PDF)
CDC's interim guidance on conducting avian mortality surveillance for West Nile virus and avian influenza virus including precautions for bird collection.

Mosquito Trapping Training Video- How to set up an EVS trap from WADeptHealth on Vimeo.

Tools for DOH mosquito surveillance partners:

More Resources

West Nile Virus
Surveillance Maps and Statistics

Notifiable Conditions

Content Source: Zoonotic Disease Program