CDC Lead Videos
King County study shows some aluminum cookware represent previously unrecognized source of lead exposure.
Federal Medicaid Testing Requirement
Federal regulations require that all children enrolled in Medicaid receive a blood lead test at 12 and 24 months of age, or at 24 to 72 months of age if no record of a previous test exists. The Department of Health (DOH) recommends screening all children not covered by Medicaid at 12 and 24 months of age using this clinical algorithm (PDF).
What is lead?
Lead is a naturally occurring metal in the environment. Lead can be found in the air, soil, water, and inside our homes.
Lead-based paint and lead dust are the main sources of lead poisoning. Homes built before 1978 are likely to have lead-based paint.
Other sources could include soil, drinking water, toys and jewelry, workplace and hobby hazards, aluminum or glazed ceramic cookware, imported spices, and traditional home remedies and cosmetics. Learn more about common sources of lead.
What are the health effects of lead and who is at risk?
Lead can affect almost every organ and system in your body. Children six years old and younger are the most affected by lead exposure. Their growing bodies absorb more lead than adults do, and their brains and nervous systems are more sensitive to the damaging effects of lead.
Lead in young children can cause behavior and learning problems, lower IQ, and hearing problems. Lead can also cause slowed growth and anemia in children.
Lead in adults, including pregnant people, can cause hypertension and increased blood pressure. Lead can also cause kidney and reproductive problems for adults. In pregnant people, lead can be passed to the unborn baby.
In rare cases, lead can cause seizures, coma, and even death.
Babies and children may be exposed to lead by:
Adults, including pregnant people, may be exposed to lead by:
How do I know if my child has been exposed to lead?
Most children who have lead poisoning do not look or act sick. A blood test is the only way to tell if your child has been exposed to lead.
Does your child…
If you answered YES to any of these questions or if you think your child has had any contact with lead, ask your doctor for a lead test. Learn more about testing children for lead poisoning
How do I prevent exposure to lead?
Steps you can take to lower the chances of exposure to lead in your home: